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What Components Go Into a Data Center?

When you picture a data center, you likely imagine row after row of computer storage devices, all humming away as they work. And while you’ll certainly find this at any one of the largest data center providers scattered across the globe, there is actually a lot more that goes into making sure a data center’s clients can always access their data. Here’s a closer look at some of the other machinery that you’ll find at a data center.


Routers & Servers

Storage devices may house the data, but servers and routers are what ensure that clients can actually access their information. High-speed access is crucial for businesses that need to work with confidential or high-bandwidth data. Quality routers and servers allow for cloud connectivity while minimizing any potential lag time so work can be completed in a timely manner.


Security Devices

Data centers are an enticing target to those wishing to gain access to confidential information, making digital and physical security installations an absolute must. Digital security systems in a quality facility should be PCI DSS 3.1 certified, while physical security is maintained with features such as 24/7 video monitoring and biometric scanners for access control.


Power Supplies

You never know when a natural disaster might cut off electricity, which is why data centers make use of several redundancies to prevent service interruptions. Power subsystems, backup generators, and uninterruptible power source units are just a few of the systems a data center may use to keep a power outage from causing data loss or other serious disruptions.


Ventilation & Cooling

With so much computer equipment stored on-site, data centers produce a lot of heat, requiring the use of high-powered cooling and ventilation systems. Exhaust fans, cooling coils, and other components keep servers exhaust heat from getting out of hand to prevent serious maintenance issues. Though several types of computer room air conditioners are used today, the most effective (and cost-efficient) systems limit the distance that hot air is forced to travel before it is cooled.



As this list reveals, while storage systems play a central role in any data center, they are only a single part of a larger structure that ensures the security and reliability of stored information. Even more noteworthy is the fact that many data center providers actually build multiple data centers, creating further redundancies should any type of problem put one of their locations out of commission. With a strong focus on reliability and proper IT management, these systems ensure quality outcomes for data center clients.

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